Posts Tagged ‘Metacam’
When your cat takes ill, the first thoughts that cross the mind are how they may be nourished back to health. Pharmaceutical giants like Pfizer are making huge outlays today on research & development on veterinary medicines, so these fears can be now be eliminated. Clavamox for Cats can treat skin, bone, oral & bladder infections as well as infections from wounds & pneumonia. If you choose liquid Clavamox for your cat, ask your vet for a plastic syringe as syringes are easier to work with than medicine droppers. If you choose Clavamox pills, follow each pill with a bite of wet food to move the pill out of the cat’s throat and on its way to his stomach. A pill lodged in cat’s esophagus can cause erosive esophagitis. Like other antibiotics, Clavamox fights & destroys the “friendly” bacteria in the cat’s stomach and often causes diarrhea or vomiting. Ask your veterinarian for a probiotic to restore the bacteria. Health food stores also sell probiotics suitable for cats.
Clavamox is an orally administered formulation which consists of broad-spectrum antibiotic Amoxi (amoxicillin trihydrate) & β-lactamase inhibitor, clavulanate potassium (potassium salt of clavulanic acid). Amoxicillin trihydrate is a semi-synthetic antibiotic with a broad spectrum of bactericidal activity against gram-positive & gram-negative, as well as aerobic & anaerobic microorganisms. Clavamox is used for treating urinary tract infections, skin infections & other soft tissue infections in dogs and cats when the infections are caused by bacteria that are susceptible to the amoxicillin combined with clavulanate. Clavulanic is an inhibitor of β-lactamase enzymes which is produced by the fermentation of streptomyces clavuligerus. The acid itself has only weak antibacterial activity.
Key Features of Clavamox:
- Overcomes β-lactamase resistance by irreversibly binding β-lactamase to clavulanic acid component, allowing amoxicillin component to exert antibacterial effect.
- Unique, dual mode of action minimizes the resistance to CLAVAMOX despite extensive real-world clinical use.
- Effective for first-time skin infections & persistent pyodermas.
- Effective in treating mixed periodontal infections involving aerobic & anaerobic bacteria.
- Wide margin of safety, with no contraindications other than allergic history.
- Offers duration of therapy of up to 30 days.
Laboratory tests have proven that amoxicillin and clavulanic acid disseminate readily into most body tissues and fluids except for brain and spinal fluid. Most of the amoxicillin is passed out unchanged in the urine. It is observed that about 15 per cent of the clavulanic dose when administered passes out in the urine within the first six hours. Usually, Clavamox is prescribed to dogs for skin and soft tissue infections such as abscesses, cellulitis and wounds, among other related infections. The therapy should be discontinued and case re-examined if no response is noticed within five days. Deep pyoderma may require treatment up to 21 days. Supplied in strip packs in 62.5 mg tablets for use in cats.
Clavamox for Dogs is also recommended for feline skin and soft tissue infections such as abscesses and cellulitis/dermatitis. The treatment should continue for 5-7 days or for 48 hours after all symptoms have subsided, but should not to exceed 30 days. If no response is seen after 3 days of treatment, discontinue to the drug. It has been found clinically that Clavamox is stable in the presence of gastric acid and is not significantly influenced by gastric or intestinal contents. The 2 components are rapidly absorbed resulting in amoxicillin and clavulanic acid concentrations in serum, urine, and tissues similar to those produced when each is administered alone.
Side Effects of Clavamox in Cats:
As a medication for cats, Clavamox can be a helpful and efficient antibiotic to treat a number of bacterial infections. There can be side effects when taking Clavamox, but generally this antibiotic is considered a safe treatment option for cats.
- Allergic reactions
- Diarrhea or loose stool
Feeding your cat before administering the medication may help prevent vomiting, one of the most common side effects. An overgrowth of pathogenic bacteria may occur in the gastrointestinal tract of dogs and cats during the administration of Clavamox, leading to antibiotic-associated diarrhea. If a cat is allergic to Clavamox, her face or limbs will start to swell. A rash may also develop in reaction to the medicine. Other signs of an allergic reaction are loss of coordination, rapid heart beating and difficulty breathing. Complete the full course of Clavamox, even if it seems your cat is feeling better. Stopping the medication early could cause a relapse or make your cat’s infection resistant to the drug.
- Use is contraindicated in animals with a history of an allergic reaction to any of the penicillins or cephalosporins.
- CLAVAMOX contains a semi-synthetic penicillin (amoxicillin) and has the potential for producing allergic reactions. If an allergic reaction occurs, administer epinephrine and/or steroids.
- Safety in pregnant or breeding animals has not been determined.
- Store in a dry, cool place at temperatures not above 25° C (77° F).
- Do not remove CLAVAMOX TABLETS from foil strip until ready to use.
- Federal law restricts use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian.
Antibiotics For Cats:
There are not many antibiotics for cats, so many times a vet will have to use a human antibiotic, but at a greatly reduced dosage. Some common cat safe antibiotics are tetracycline, penicillin G, neomycin, gentamycin, chloramphenical, griseofulvin and the brand name Clavamox, a combination drug. Antibiotics should only be used when necessary and always used appropriately. Most upper respiratory infections in cats are caused by viruses that are not affected by antibiotics. Also, most bladder problems in cats are not accompanied by bacterial infections and will not benefit from treatment with antibiotics.
Baytril For Cats:
Baytril can be prescribed for a variety of bacterial infections. For a cat, owners typically will be prescribed 22.7 milligram (mg) tablets. Give Baytril on an empty stomach, an hour before or two hours after the cat eats. Overdose of Baytril in cats may result in blindness, as quinolones target tissues in the eye in high-enough concentrations. Cat owners must dose exactly as per directions.